In it, Nehemiah describes his efforts to rebuild the city, even in the face of hostile neighbors. The book of Nehemiah records the rebuilding of Jerusalem's city wall in about 445BC. Only four years later the Temple was completed in the 6th year of Darius. At the end all glory to God was given. The KING is coming soon and HE IS A JEW, YESHUA HAMASHIACH/JESUS THE CHRIST! - So built we the wall.Rather, "and we (still) built the wall" Insults and gibes had no effect on us - did not touch us. Notice the common names are in the same order in both lists. (Nehemiah 6:16). They are appropriate here again: Ezra 6:14 14 And the elders of the Jews builded, and they prospered through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo. At the time, I was cupbearer to the king. That would put Ezras aliyah around 515 BCE, and Nehemyahs time in Yerushalayim from around 502 BCE to 490 BCE. Christ is clearly cut off at the determination of the 69th week. No power tools. 3The sons of Hassenaah built the Fish Gate; they laid its beams and set up its doors, its bolts, and its bars. 12 gates in that map is still remain today? Here is where the problem develops in the chronology. It took Nehemiah 52 days to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem. Nehemiah in Hebrew means: Jah is comfort. Its is the literal and symbolic event which marked Jerusalems restoration. If you have a year exactly equal to 364 days (the solar year used by the Book of Jubilees), then 52 days is exactly one-seventh of a year. I am returned shuwb, the same word used in Daniel 9:25. Nehemiah brought all the Levites to Jerusalem for the inauguration. We his servants will start rebuilding, but as for you, you have no share in Jerusalem or any claim or historic right to it" ( Nehemiah 2:20 ). 8Remember the word that you commanded your servant Moses, If you are unfaithful, I will scatter you among the peoples; 9but if you return to me and keep my commandments and do them, though your outcasts are under the farthest skies, I will gather them from there and bring them to the place at which I have chosen to establish my name. 10They are your servants and your people, whom you redeemed by your great power and your strong hand. Nothing else would qualify. In 1535, when Jerusalem was part of the Ottoman Empire, Sultan Suleiman I ordered the ruined city walls to be rebuilt . ALIGN YOURSELF WITH GOD. Ironic, that the work of rebuilding the wall was done in a kind of sabbath [i.e. Let's get started." They rolled up their sleeves, ready for the good work. to quickly repair the breaches in the wall, Ancient Israel: From Abraham to the Destruction of the Temple,, How long was Nehemiah in Jerusalem? As the fingers flipped through the pages of the Book I always run to when in need of comfort, I read the story of Nehemiah the non-cribber, man of action,a go-getter and also the man behind the wall. [] In it, Nehemiah describes his efforts to rebuild the city, even in the face of hostile neighbors: NehemiahThe Man Behind the Wall Biblical Archaeology Society Daniel 9:25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to []. Nehemiah and his followers do what seems to be the impossible because they are doing what God has called them to do. Not even Michelangelo and his David! It was God's work and He protected His people and they completed the wall in 52 days. 16From that day on, half of my servants worked on construction, and half held the spears, shields, bows, and body-armour; and the leaders posted themselves behind the whole house of Judah, 17who were building the wall. Verse 6. i found map of 12 gates of jerusalem according to nehemiah. In the eighth chapter of Daniel, the phrase evening-morning(s) was used to indicate Passovers. If you are talking about Daniel 8:14, I do not see anything about Pesach. Answer (1 of 3): Re your query: Did Nehemiah rebuild the temple? You too offer an interesting interpretation. The words of Ezra 6 lays it all out in chronological order. Virtually any citizen of the ancient world could tick off three reasons why a wall was far more than just a pile of rocks. Nehemiah returned to Jerusalem and rebuilt the wallsin 52 days. 8Next to them Uzziel son of Harhaiah, one of the goldsmiths, made repairs. Only this time the Christian chronologists have removed the contextual necessity of association between the command given by YHWH and the 2nd year of Darius even- Artaxerxes. So that the Mikdash would have been completed in his 6th year (Ezra 6), and Ezra would have led the return in his 7th year. 13 But go your way till the end. Even in the the 7th year of Daryavesh I he could be no younger than 70. Verse 24 gives the big picture overview of what takes place during the entire 70 weeks. Studying them will reveal something about getting close God. 10When Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official heard this, it displeased them greatly that someone had come to seek the welfare of the people of Israel. Interestingly, after the completion of the wall, the people gathered in the 7th month, dwelt in booths and read the law according to the Torah. Why should the work stop while I leave it to come down to you? 4They sent to me four times in this way, and I answered them in the same manner. In my opinion the underlying text does not say anything about restoring Jerusalem to a messiah. The text clearly states it will be 7 sevens from the command unto the Messiah. Contextually it was all about returning to the temple construction which had stopped. 14Moreover, from the time that I was appointed to be their governor in the land of Judah, from the twentieth year to the thirty-second year of King Artaxerxes, twelve years, neither I nor my brothers ate the food allowance of the governor. Cyruss decree which started contruction of the temple. He wanted them to know what standards he and they would live by. Nehemiah 4 1 Now when Sanballat heard that we were building the wall, he was angry and greatly enraged, and he mocked the Jews. The people of the prince to come were in fact those who destroyed the temple under Titus in 70 A.D. Empower. The wall is completed in a stunning 52 days. They completed the wall in a mere 52 days (Nehemiah 6:15). It was this last project that Nehemiah is most famed for completing. (Neh.12:25-26.) This event symbolically and chronologically marked the end of the 70 years of Jerusalems desolation. God was using Nehemiah to lead His people to rebuild the walls around Jerusalem. ' When I heard these things, I sat down and wept" (Nehemiah 1:3-4). This printer even prints a color photo in black and white or Daniyel 9 has nothing to do with Yeshu, the Roman fabrication. I really like all of the points youve made. Nehemiah served as the kings cupbearer (Nehemiah 1:11), which evidently put him in a position to speak to the king and request favors from him. He asked the king for permission to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem & was sent from Susa the Persian capital as Governor in 445 BC. Now he could rebuild his beloved city of Jerusalem, its walls and gates. All that was left was to rebuild the city . It happened at a time when the captivity of the Jews had already come to an end. Ok Nissan is April and in the 20th year of the king. Notes And Next Steps Nehemiah 3 + Part 4 of the series "Nehemiah: Rise & Build" The Sheep Gate (3:1). 6I was very angry when I heard their outcry and these complaints. Ezra 6 ends with completion of the temple in the 6th year of Darius even- Artaxerxes. 19Also they spoke of his good deeds in my presence, and reported my words to him. At the top of the eastern ridge of the City of David, Nehemiah and the returned exiles built a new city wall. Joshua & Zerubbabel restarted construction but their enemies lodge a protest with Darius Hystaspes. 6Joiada son of Paseah and Meshullam son of Besodeiah repaired the Old Gate; they laid its beams and set up its doors, its bolts, and its bars. After him Shemaiah son of Shecaniah, the keeper of the East Gate, made repairs. I cannot say whether or not I agree or disagree with comments posted by previous contributors, but I thank you all of increasing my knowledge of the many ways in which we can view the bible. Rhema I have received from what Nehemiah did: he had a burden for his people; he went out and did want God wanted him to do; God did not give him a timeframe to do it in; and Nehemiah obeyed. What many commentators fail to notice is that up until the 2nd year Darius (Hystaspes) Judah & Jerusalem were still under a period of 70 years of divine indignation (Zech.1). The hurried work of repairing and rebuilding Jerusalems walls and gates was completed in just 52 days (Nehemiah 6:15). 15So I went up by way of the valley by night and inspected the wall. 11Restore to them, this very day, their fields, their vineyards, their olive orchards, and their houses, and the interest on money, grain, wine, and oil that you have been exacting from them. 12Then they said, We will restore everything and demand nothing more from them. 1Now there was a great outcry of the people and of their wives against their Jewish kin. WHAT DID NEHEMIAH DO THAT ENABLED HIM TO ENJOY THE FAVOR AND THE HAND OF GOD IN HIS TASK OF RESTORING. 21After him Meremoth son of Uriah son of Hakkoz repaired another section from the door of the house of Eliashib to the end of the house of Eliashib. Nehemiah 810 is considered part of the so-called Ezra Source (which includes Ezra 710), while Nehemiah 17 and 1113 are from a separate source that scholars call the Nehemiah Memoir. The Nehemiah Memoir is written in the first person and recounts details of Nehemiahs life, his deeds and his administration of the province, probably meant to serve as an official record of his accomplishments to be deposited in the Temple archives (by genaa). Will they restore things? In an individual life, then, the rebuilding of the walls would be a picture of re-establishing the strength of that life. Each issue of Biblical Archaeology Review features lavishly illustrated and easy-to-understand articles such as: Fascinating finds from the Hebrew Bible and New Testament periods, The latest scholarship by the world's greatest archaeologists and distinguished scholars, Stunning color photographs, informative maps, and diagrams, Reviews of the latest books on biblical archaeology, 45+ years of Biblical Archaeology Review, 20+ years of Bible Review online, providing critical interpretations of biblical texts. And they builded, and finished it, according to the commandment of the God of Israel, and according to the commandment of Cyrus, and Darius, and Artaxerxes king of Persia. When a mother walks into our care, there is a sense of urgency: a baby is coming and I can only stay so long. After them Azariah son of Maaseiah son of Ananiah made repairs beside his own house. Its notable (and probably an important lesson) how the High Priest, Eliashib (Neh 3:1) was actually in cahoots with the enemies of Judah (Neh 2:10; Neh 13:4, 7, 28). Lots of debate here and that is ok as long as we remember that in-fighting amongst believers only makes the unbelievers more of an unbeliever. The new chronology I have introduced in my book Sacred Chronology of the Hebrew Kings (available for reading free on my website) shows how the chronologies of the Bible, Egypt, and Assyria are in perfect agreement when the correct chronology for the kings is used. He is even given letters from the king to ensure safe passage and to obtain timber from the kings forest for the gates and walls of Jerusalem. The prophecy fits his advent exactly. The traditional Bible chronology based on Thieles harmonization of the Hebrew kings and the Rohl chronology that shortens the chronology of Egypt are incorrect. Each of them has a name and a biblical story. 16 Therefore thus saith YHWH; I am returned to Jerusalem with mercies: my house shall be built in it, saith YHWH of hosts, and a line shall be stretched forth upon Jerusalem. And thus the wall was built again "even in troublesome times," just as had been foretold in Daniel 9:25. And they builded, and finished it, according to the commandment of the God of Israel, and according to the commandment of Cyrus, and Darius, and Artaxerxes king of Persia.. 16And when all our enemies heard of it, all the nations around us were afraid and fell greatly in their own esteem; for they perceived that this work had been accomplished with the help of our God. The Second Reason: Water Neatly tucked away in the eastern slope of the City of David is the entrance to the ancient Jebusite passageway leading to the Gihon Spring. 18After him their kin made repairs: Binnui, son of Henadad, ruler of half the district of Keilah; 19next to him Ezer son of Jeshua, ruler of Mizpah, repaired another section opposite the ascent to the armoury at the Angle. 1Now when it was reported to Sanballat and Tobiah and to Geshem the Arab and to the rest of our enemies that I had built the wall and that there was no gap left in it (though up to that time I had not set up the doors in the gates), 2Sanballat and Geshem sent to me, saying, Come and let us meet together in one of the villages in the plain of Ono. But they intended to do me harm. They were allowed to return to Israel to rebuild their nation. God bless. You don't have to rebuild a wall to do the will of God. None of the Persian-era decrees fit the text of Daniel 9. After hearing about the sad state of affairs in Judah, Nehemiah acquired the kings permission to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the city and its fortifications. One of the most astonishing facts about Nehemiah is that he finished the walls in just 52 days. 6So we rebuilt the wall, and all the wall was joined together to half its height; for the people had a mind to work. He is even given letters from the king to ensure safe passage and to obtain timber from the kings forest for the gates and walls of Jerusalem. Nehemiah. The prince to come is key to understanding these verses. 52 days Once there, Nehemiah defied the opposition of Judah's enemies on all sidesSamaritans, Ammonites, Arabs and Philistinesand rebuilt the walls within 52 days, from the Sheep Gate in the North, the Hananeel Tower at the North West corner, the Fish Gate in the West, the Furnaces Tower at the Temple . Your theory is very interesting, but based on these statements alone, I cannot justify the 70 weeks referring to 70 years (or 70 Shavuot). Required fields are marked *. Nehemiah gathered the people together to rebuild the walls. Chapter 5 says, he finished the wall in the 32nd year of the king!!! That is to steep a cost and it would make them question why they hold the Babylonian traditions alive. May God bless your search. Will they sacrifice? And the Old Testament book of Nehemiah records how Nehemiah completed that massive project in record time just 52 days. Nehemiah's willingness to sacrifice for the benefit of others And next to them Zaccur son of Imri built. 19But when Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official, and Geshem the Arab heard of it, they mocked and ridiculed us, saying, What is this that you are doing? I would also like to address a comment regarding Yeshu, the Roman Fabrication. Yeshua being a Roman fabrication is as reasonable and historically accurate as those who say Israel is a British one. And the plot thickens 7But when Sanballat and Tobiah and the Arabs and the Ammonites and the Ashdodites heard that the repairing of the walls of Jerusalem was going forward and the gaps were beginning to be closed, they were very angry, 8and all plotted together to come and fight against Jerusalem and to cause confusion in it. David Rohls chronology works only if one disregards major portion of the Hebrew Scriptures. 9Next to them Rephaiah son of Hur, ruler of half the district of Jerusalem, made repairs. Although they simply repaired the pre-existing walls elsewhere in the city, the wall just above the steep Kidron Valley was too damaged and too difficult to mend. Not only did he trust God to bless his efforts, he physically did his part to complete the project. This is my understanding. Once the defenses had been rebuilt by Antipater, the seven weeks and sixty-two weeks and one week (totaling seventy weeks) could begin, and that is exactly what happened. The book of Nehemiah records the rebuilding of Jerusalem's city wall in about 445BC. The wall had lain in rubble for 140 years waiting; when Nehemiah presented the need, forty-two families responded to help in the reconstruction of the wall. The CSB E3 Discipleship Bible is full of intentionally crafted discipleship tools and resources based on the E3 discipleship methodEngage. as the provincial governor of Judah/Yehud. How long did it take Nehemiah to rebuild the wall? One side is built on the. During this time according to Haggai 1 the people were busy working on their own houses. 3And I said to them, The gates of Jerusalem are not to be opened until the sun is hot; while the gatekeepers are still standing guard, let them shut and bar the doors. He gathered his people together, he equipped them, and he led them in rebuilding the city walls of Jerusalem. For the purpose of brevity, the word week in this chapter will hereafter represent the Day of Pentecost, although using the full fifty-day time period of the Feast of Weeks will work equally well in the interpretation offered in this chapter.. And you shall rest and shall stand in your allotted place at the end of the days.. According to Haggai 1, YHWH then spoke to Haggai and asked him why the people were building their own houses when the Temple was not completed. The Temple, the city walls, and the gates had been destroyed as a result of the three invasions of Nebuchadnezzar and his forces in 606 BC, 597 BC, and 586 BC. Defying the opposition of Judahs enemies on all sidesSamaritans, Ammonites, Arabs and Philistines, the original walls of the City of David were rebuilt by the people in 52 days, working with a trowel in one hand & a sword in the other. 22After him the priests, the men of the surrounding area, made repairs. There was no other mention of him, until after the rebuilding of the city walls. The first thing they did was use the weapon of mocking. Ok here is chapter 2 of Nehemiah.. Daniel 9:25 25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. He read the Book of Moses and wanted to make sure the people stayed faithful to God's ways. Nowhere, absolutely nowhere, current or in historical records of the past almost one thousand years, is there any reference to Nehemiah! Nehemiah and the people rebuilt 10 city gates. These take place in the 2nd year of Darius. Now, I had never been sad in his presence before. The church is named after St Lazare (Lazarus of Bethany, whom Jesus raised from the dead Gospel of John, 11) and, historically, was a famous place of pilgrimage because of its claim to have a piece of Lazarusskull as a relic, reputed to have the power to cure leprosy. As noted earlier a variation on this tradition has been carried on by Christians today in their association of Artaxerxes with the Persian Longimanus. Nehemiah built a spiritual wall for their covenant with God relationship presence help in time of trouble. If the Bible chronology is followed exactly as written, the reigns of the Hebrew kings synchronize perfectly with one another, without having to disregard Scripture and without having to accept long co-reigns not supported in the biblical text, and those reigns synchronize perfectly with the traditional chronology of Egypt as proposed by Ken Kitchen. Nehemiah Inspects Jerusalem's Walls (Nehemiah 2:11-16) Landmarks in Building the Wall of Jerusalem ( Larger map) Notice carefully Nehemiah's strategy. This evidence of God's blessing encourages the Jews and is a terrific blow to the self-confidence of their enemies. Remember the Lord, who is great and awesome, and fight for your kin, your sons, your daughters, your wives, and your homes., 15When our enemies heard that their plot was known to us, and that God had frustrated it, we all returned to the wall, each to his work. The third edition of the Biblical Archaeology Societys widely-acclaimed Ancient Israel: From Abraham to the Destruction of the Temple serves as an authoritative history of ancient Israel. 9So we prayed to our God, and set a guard as a protection against them day and night. Nehemiah's efforts to rebuild the wall around Jerusalem exhibited this important component of faith. 1The words of Nehemiah son of Hacaliah. 5In the same way Sanballat for the fifth time sent his servant to me with an open letter in his hand. Thus, the time periods being designated in verse 25 are seven Pentecosts and sixty-two Pentecosts. In the past 2000 years, no one else has. A survey of websites with information on the town of Avallon and its church with its unusual, single portal statue (the front entrance of most mediaeval churches with such statues are usually lined by several of them on either side), ALL refer to it as depicting a prophet. . Biblical Archaeology Review is the guide on that fascinating journey. He enlisted the help of the people to quickly repair the breaches in the wall. 14Then I went on to the Fountain Gate and to the Kings Pool; but there was no place for the animal I was riding to continue. English translators have taken the liberty of translating it and denoting another separate Artaxerxes. [Nehemiah 5:14 - Governor for 12 years before returning to the palace.] Of course, no artist can claim knowledge of what any biblical character looked like. 25Palal son of Uzai repaired opposite the Angle and the tower projecting from the upper house of the king at the court of the guard. They consecrated it and set up its doors; they consecrated it as far as the Tower of the Hundred and as far as the Tower of Hananel. Notice it went backwards in time? The All-Access membership pass is the way to get to know the Bible through biblical archaeology. Four highly acclaimed books, published in conjunction with the Smithsonian Institution: Aspects of Monotheism, Feminist Approaches to the Bible, The Rise of Ancient Israel and The Search for Jesus. Then he acts in secret. 20Rally to us wherever you hear the sound of the trumpet. Key Notes: The wall was done in 52 days. The 70th week does not start until the Anti Christ appears who make a covenant with many for one heptad (week) a 7 year period. In that verse, the word weeks is used in the same way that, elsewhere in the Book of Daniel, Jewish calendar units were used as cryptic references to Jewish festivals. Why did they have to build with one hand and have a weapon in the other hand? As a leader with strong Christian values holding various ministerial positions in government at a state and federal level within our country, the writings of Nehemiah was my blue print on how to be strategic, diplomatic and never forgetting my purpose. Rebuilding the walls showed that God was with His people. The ruins on the Western Hill were not occupied again until the Hellenistic period of Alexander the Great. It is during 62 sevens that the wall and the street were built again. The wall is made from stone and mortar with gates. 2He said in the presence of his associates and of the army of Samaria, What are these feeble Jews doing? Along comes Bible History Daily, rents the picture, crops it to show just the face and upper portion of the body. If the Artaxerxes of Nehemiah is Longimanus then this would mean those chiefs of their fathers were at the most conservative estimation, 122 years old. My biggest problem with the article is your third supposition, quoted below: The third key to interpretation of the prophecy is to understand the time period meant by the Hebrew word weeks (BHS, Strongs OT: 7620) in verse 25. 14Remember Tobiah and Sanballat, O my God, according to these things that they did, and also the prophetess Noadiah and the rest of the prophets who wanted to make me afraid. Upon arrival into the city, he assessed the damage and got to work. Even their servants lorded it over the people. Now the 70 is a dual prophecy and the 2nd part is due to be fulfilled soon!! 14After I looked these things over, I stood up and said to the nobles and the officials and the rest of the people, Do not be afraid of them. Anyways, so ppl pin point the building of the walls by Nehemiah being in the 20th year of this king which is Darius the great who was married to queen Esther. 1 The words of () Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah. In this way the Persian era was eclipsed. I wonder if there might be some significance to the notion that it took 52 days to complete. 27After him the Tekoites repaired another section opposite the great projecting tower as far as the wall of Ophel. 9Then I came to the governors of the province Beyond the River, and gave them the kings letters. As can be understand now, from the studies in Intelligence, we know this device was a cube shaped set of 5 geometric solids. 18And each of the builders had his sword strapped at his side while he built. Thanks for the article. And next to them builded Zaccur the son of Imri. 5Now our flesh is the same as that of our kindred; our children are the same as their children; and yet we are forcing our sons and daughters to be slaves, and some of our daughters have been ravished; we are powerless, and our fields and vineyards now belong to others.. No, this was by no means a wall of Nehemiah, no rebuild per se, yet it did show evidence of repair. I enjoyed reading it all but it did leave a bad taste in my mouth as I thought how much unbelievers love to see us disagree with one anotherjust some food for thought to all. Because Haggai and Zechariah prophesied due to the command of YHWH. It made the city smaller than the original boundaries. They told me that those who had survived and were back in the homeland were in great difficulty and that the foreigners who lived . 11Malchijah son of Harim and Hasshub son of Pahath-moab repaired another section and the Tower of the Ovens. Access to 50+ curated Special Collections. Being a representative of the king to rebuild jerusalem was such a great feat that he would not have time for a family either. Israel is Gods earthly time clock. Appoint guards from among the inhabitants of Jerusalem, some at their watch-posts, and others before their own houses. 4The city was wide and large, but the people within it were few and no houses had been built. 18Now that which was prepared for one day was one ox and six choice sheep; also fowls were prepared for me, and every ten days skins of wine in abundance; yet with all this I did not demand the food allowance of the governor, because of the heavy burden of labour on the people. 4Next to them Meremoth son of Uriah son of Hakkoz made repairs. Notice then what YHWH says in verse 16: I am returned to Jerusalem with mercies: my house shall built in it, saith YHWH of hosts, and a line shall be stretched forth upon Jerusalem.. Combine a one-year tablet and print subscription to BAR with membership in the BAS Library to start your journey into the ancient past today! How many days did it take Nehemiah and his leaders to rebuild Jerusalem's walls? Then I turned back and entered by the Valley Gate, and so returned. The walls of . They will be captured by many false competing Churches and charlatan Prophets around us. (Neh. According to Jewish tradition the Artakhshast of Ezra and Nehemyah is the same as Daryavesh I. This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in August 2012. * See Aaron Demsky, Who Returned FirstEzra or Nehemiah? Bible Review, April 1996. (Neh.8) This likely indicates this was a Sabbath year. Four months later, they arrived in Jerusalem. Why is a broken-down wall such a big deal? So why did chronologist place a gap in chronology between Ezra 6 &7 between Jeshua/Zerubabbel and Ezra/Nehemiah? 3They replied, The survivors there in the province who escaped captivity are in great trouble and shame; the wall of Jerusalem is broken down, and its gates have been destroyed by fire.. It came to pass in the month of Chislev, in the () twentieth year, as I was in () Shushan [] the [] citadel, 2 that () Hanani one of my brethren came with men from Judah; and I asked them concerning the Jews who had escaped, who had survived the captivity, and concerning Jerusalem.
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